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Anarchism is a political ideology aiming to end oppressive power structures and create horizontal systems of direct democracy and federalism.


Whilst all anarchists supported participatory democracy and workers' self-management. Anarchism can still be divided into three main 'schools' of thought, based mainly around economic ideals.

  • Market Anarchists support the creation of cooperatives in a free market system. This includes Mutualism and Left-Wing Market Anarchism.
  • Collectivist Anarchists advocate an economy that is decentrally-planned by various cooperatives and municipalities but still support a system of compensation for labor. These include Anarcho-Collectivists, Inclusive Democracy and Participatory Economics.
  • Communist Anarchists advocate an economy that is various cooperatives and municipalities but don't support a system of compensation for labor. These include Anarcho-Communists and Communalists.

Other schools of thought include:

  • Anarcho-Primitivism
  • Post-Left Anarchism


Anarchists have discussed and tried a variety of different methods to try and oppressive power structures. Generally, there are three major strategies discussed in anarchist circles. None of these are mutually-exclusive, and most anarchist movements will combine multiple strategies to attack oppressive structures from multiple fronts.

  • Revolution: Revolutionaries or Insurrectionists advocate directly confronting oppressive structures and destroying them in violent acts of rebellion.
  • Struggle: Struggle-oriented anarchists would prefer to see a slower change by organizing people hurt by power structures to slowly mount resistance, like anarcho-syndicalism.
  • Exodus: Exodus advocates the 'escaping' of oppression via squatting, the creation of intentional communities and the creation of cooperatives.

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