Whilst all anarchists supported participatory democracy and workers' self-management. Anarchism can still be divided into three main 'schools' of thought, based mainly around economic ideals.
- Market Anarchists support the creation of cooperatives in a free market system. This includes Mutualism and Left-Wing Market Anarchism.
- Collectivist Anarchists advocate an economy that is decentrally-planned by various cooperatives and municipalities but still support a system of compensation for labor. These include Anarcho-Collectivists, Inclusive Democracy and Participatory Economics.
- Communist Anarchists advocate an economy that is various cooperatives and municipalities but don't support a system of compensation for labor. These include Anarcho-Communists and Communalists.
Other schools of thought include:
- Post-Left Anarchism
Anarchists have discussed and tried a variety of different methods to try and oppressive power structures. Generally, there are three major strategies discussed in anarchist circles. None of these are mutually-exclusive, and most anarchist movements will combine multiple strategies to attack oppressive structures from multiple fronts.
- Revolution: Revolutionaries or Insurrectionists advocate directly confronting oppressive structures and destroying them in violent acts of rebellion.
- Struggle: Struggle-oriented anarchists would prefer to see a slower change by organizing people hurt by power structures to slowly mount resistance, like anarcho-syndicalism.
- Exodus: Exodus advocates the 'escaping' of oppression via squatting, the creation of intentional communities and the creation of cooperatives.