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Power is the ability of a person to act upon the world. It comes in five different forms:

  • Power-over: the ability to command, control the resources of, or limit the choices of others. It's also called domination, social hierarchy and constituted power.
  • Power-to: the ability to act. It's sometimes called constituent power, counter-power and anti-power.
  • Power-with: collective power when people act together.
  • Power-among: influence within a group, based on respect. It involves being an authority on something, as opposed to having authority over others.
  • Power-within: the individual's internal strength, courage and creativity. For some, it's also spiritual.
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